Climate change is a burning issue and has deservedly been the focus of Global attention as is poses major challenges. Although massive emission of carbon dioxide has created climate change problems; while on other hand deforestation has increased. The pace of afforestation has not kept up. We should launch large scale plantation campaigns to minimize the effects of climate change and benefits from such initiative. If every household and office planted one tree, the benefits could increase immensely. Likewise, there is need to emphasize roadside plantation as a policy. If we could translation national and international policy into action, it would not only beautify cities but also produce the required oxygen for healthy life.
We should pay adequate attention to the conservation of glaciers, rivers and rivulets as they are in valuable blessing of nature. If climate change continuous at the same pace, their existence will be jeopardized. If this happens, we will face energy crisis in such large scale that aspects of life will be impacted.
In recent years, erosion has taken its toll on glaciers and snow in the mountains is melting at an unprecedented rate. Besides, mountaineering activities have resulted in solid waste pollution. We have to manage this problem. We must allow only bio-degradable goods in the mountains or designate areas for disposing non-biodegradation wastages. We need to pay equal attention to conservation of the Himalayan regions as land degradation is a major problem there due to continuous erosion.
Deforestation and forest degradation are estimated 20 and 25 per cent of the entire world. These are largely the result of human action. Hence, in our common efforts against global warming, there must be some scope for stopping deforestation and forest degradation in order to reduce the level of greenhouse gas emission. Deforestation and forest degradation in most developing countries are the consequences of increasing population and are directly related to livelihood questions. Survival is the foremost of all human interest.
The opportunity cost of foregoing alternative uses of land users will also arise. Therefore, any compensatory mechanism for reduced emission should be based on the idea of providing adequate incentive and encouragement to people to preserve forest and lands while they adopt new livelihood patterns themselves.
Billions of people and other life-forms the Himalayan region will be at great risk as multipurpose projects related to clean drinking water, irrigation, energy, water, transport, agriculture and tourism are dependent on water resources that originated in the Himalayas. In addition, the livelihood of Indigenous people dependents upon mountains tourism has also been threatened. Hence, we need to raise very strong collective voices at international forums. Sustainable development goals cannot be attained without environment conservation. Thus, stability population, resources, environment, development and poverty reduction are closely related. Keeping this in mind, we need to promote common efforts to avoid repetition of activities that result in environmental degradation.
Poor people depend on natural resources. They are the main base4s for socio-economic development and this kind of socio-economic development expert’s pressure on natural resources. As the livelihood of poor people in natural resources dependent their base for survival is threatened as they do not enjoys the fruits of socio-economic development of all the nation should formulate policies and implement policies & brought legislation to promote people’s participation so as to address the common problems and challenges of environmental degradation. The policy has accorded special priority to institutional development up to local level for environmental conservation. Likewise, environmental friendly development programs should be emphasizing. The governments make a policy of involving and promoting participation of local communities, non-governmental sector, private sectors, International Organizations etc., civil society etc. in the management of natural resources and the environment. If helps to make to bring experiences, learning, knowledge, skill and competency in managing environmental resources together.
During recent years, population dynamics, new economic growth, and so rapidly in the region that traditional and balanced adaption mechanisms are losing their efficiency. The vast ice reserve, sometime known as the earth’s third pole is in peril. Accelerated glacial melting and environmental degradation threat the role that mountain region has always played as a water reservoir for one-third of the earth’s population and as an ecological deviator between countries. The once self-sufficient people of mountain region now face dire economic poverty. There is an urgent need to investigate, to develop adaptation and coping mechanisms and to prepare the communities and nations of the region to successfully manage the changes that are taking place so that they can derive maximum benefits from their environment and prosperity in all countries.
Ref.: ICIMOD Publication and from the Book of " Environment Disaster and Climate Change".